Driven by an intense enquiry to know the nature of existence and human purpose in it, A.Nagraj spent 20 years performing meditative ‘sadhana’* (mental discipline) . He did not find answers to his enquiry even in the ultimate state of awareness of samadhi*. He then further improvised his approach. As a result, he had ‘realization’ of entire existence (all that exists). He understood the fundamental nature of material, conscious & spatial realities and their inter-relationships.
This entire period was from 1950 to 1975 & performed in the then dense forests of Amarkantak. He has presented this understanding in the Hindi Language in the form of a new ‘Darsana’ (philosophy or body of knowledge) called Madhyasth Darshan – Sah-Astitva-vad (Realistic-view of Mediation ; Coexistentialism) in the Hindi Language published as a core-set of 12 books. This is to inform you that:
- “Co-existence” (reality) has now become study-able.
- The human-being has been understood as being the combined form of a conscious unit and a physiochemical body.
- The ‘Human purpose’ in existence has been understood and man’s ‘being’ and ‘living’ has become clear.
His ‘findings’ are summarized as follows:
Existence, the Universe
He realized, experienced that Existence is Coexistence, stability and harmony is innate to Existence. Every unit or ‘thing’ in Existence is in self-organization & participates in the whole organization. There is a definite, natural direction and purpose in evolution – and this is manifested as the intricate & astonishing web of Matter, Plants, Animals and Humans on this planet. The Human being alone creates problems due to his ignorance and delusion. This is communicated via the following 5 aphorisms or truth-statements:
1. Existence is Coexistence:
Existence is as material and conscious activities present in Space. This is Coexistence. There is no ‘chaos’ in Existence. Existence is stable. Progress and awakening in Existence are definite.
This fundamentally changes the way in which we think of ourselves and the Universe.
2. There is ‘evolution’ (development progression) in Existence:
This development takes place fundamentally in the atom. Atoms evolve to form planets via molecular association, then form plants, and the animal and human bodies. There is a continuous formation and break-down of physical-chemical structures.
3. There is ‘development’ in Existence:
Evolution in the atom results in a ‘constitutionally complete’ atom that becomes conscious in nature and exhibits the ‘will to live’. This is the conscious-Self, given the name ‘jeevan’. It has the abilities of thinking, imagining, knowing, etc.
4. There is ‘awakening progression’ in Existence:
The conscious self or jeevan exists in various animals coexisting with their bodies. In humans, this is expressed as ‘awakening progression’ where we have partial awareness & understanding.
5. There is ‘awakening’ in Existence:
On having knowledge of the entire reality of Coexistence, humans become awakened to a state of ‘developed consciousness’, or ‘human consciousness’ and live with it. This itself is happiness, peace, satisfaction & bliss. (sukh, shanti, santosh, anand)
He realized that the human-being is the combined form of a conscious unit and a physio-chemical body. The conscious unit, given the name ‘jeevan’ consists of 10 activities (5 ‘potentials’ and 5 ‘forces’). Humans exhibit the ability for ‘freedom of imagination’ (kalpana-sheelta) and ‘freedom of action’ (karma-svatantrata).
He ‘saw’ that Humans on this planet have so far lived in an undeveloped state of consciousness called ‘animal-consciousness’, due to which their cognition/understanding of themselves, of reality/existence and human purpose is incomplete and delusionary. We currently only use partial (4.5 of 10) faculties in the conscious Self. This un-awakened state of living, or ‘animal consciousness’ is the root cause for all our problems. Based on our ‘awakening’ various humans can be seen to be assuming/ understanding the same reality differently, and behaving in contrasting different manners – which has resulted in our state of chaos.
The fundamental need of the human being is knowledge, as a result of which the human is ‘awakened’ and lives in ‘developed-consciousness’ as human-consciousness. This happens when we use all 10 faculties in the conscious Self.
The irreversible transformation from animal to human consciousness requires the following knowledge:
- Knowledge of Existence (reality) as Coexistence
- Knowledge of Conscious Self (jeevan) & all its 10 activities
- Knowledge of perfect Humane conduct/living
On having knowledge, we know the ultimate truth about ourselves & the world, of humane conduct & living. We live with this humane conduct. This itself is happiness. This is our ultimate goal.
He ‘saw’ that the environmental problem, the problem of economics, social conflict, in relationships, and in the Self, together called ‘unhappiness’ are due to a lack of understanding in man himself. This philosophy proposes definite humane conduct and universal laws and model of living in family, society and with nature that lead to harmony. Based on this laws of living as: intellectual law, social law and natural law can be understood can all be understood in a universal manner leading to:
- Intellectual resolution in Individual = Happiness
- Prosperity in Family = Peace
- Trust in Society = Satisfaction
- Coexistence with Nature = Bliss
This proposal provides a new ‘alternative’ in the fields of Education, Health, Socio-political structure, Judicial systems, Production & Economic models. It proposes Universal human education, values, religion, world constitution and organization.
What this implies for all of us
What the world consists of
The world/ or nature consists of physical activity, chemical activity & conscious (jeevan) activity saturated in an all pervasive void, or space. These activities combine & evolve spontaneously to form matter, plants (bio), animals and humans.
This seeming ‘void’ is not empty, but energy in equilibrium – manifested in matter as the energy we know and in the conscious (ourselves) as consciousness.
Who made the world
There is no external cause to the way the Universe/ Reality/Existence is. The cause of Existence/the Universe is in Existence/the Universe itself. Existence is not in ‘chaos’. It has intrinsic order, it is in Harmony. Existence/the Universe is thus “every-actively or always present”. There is no ‘beginning’ or ‘end’. Any beginning or end we perceive is due to the limited space & time in which we are observing.
Space is omnipresent & energy in equilibrium and can hence be named the ‘Almighty’. This ‘Almighty’ does not ‘know’, or ‘do’ anything. We can only understand ‘it’. Space is not creating ‘matter’. So fundamentally, nothing is ‘created’, only ‘transformed’ – from atoms to molecules to plants, animals and humans. There is thus no evidence in reality of a ‘creator’, ‘sustainer’, ‘director’ or ‘destroyer’ – personal or impersonal.
Existence/the Universe is self formed and self regulated. It has definite laws and direction. We human beings understand nature/reality using our faculty of imagination, can impact it in many ways and also reap the fruits of our actions. The human being alone is the ‘seer’, ‘doer’ & ‘experiencer’. No other entity is ‘creating’, ‘controlling’ or ‘seeing’ us.
Who & How we are:
We are conscious beings, a product of evolution & development in Existence. ‘We’ are not just the ‘brain’. ‘We’ are conscious units or beings that have a definitive set of faculties. These faculties are the same for every human: from a baby to an old person. All our activities like: desiring, visualizing, thinking, using logic, experiencing emotions, enjoying various tastes, take place in the conscious unit (jeevan) in conjunction with the brain. Which is it why it currently feels like it is taking place in the brain. Consciousness thus is not in the brain, neither does it arise from the brain – it exists by itself, and coexists with the brain & the body in the form of a ‘human being’. The conscious unit, jeevan depends on the brain and bodily senses for external stimuli and also expresses itself via these.
Birth & Death
‘Birth’ is the association of the conscious self (jeevan) with the material body and ‘death’ is its disassociation due to a breakdown in the material body. The body is ‘living’ where the cells ‘breathe’ and there is growth, just as in plants. There is also decay of the body, just as in plants. Thus, when a human ‘dies’ – two things happen: the body ceases to ‘breathe’ & consequently the conscious self, jeevan dissociates itself from that body. It remains as-is on disassociation, until it starts this association in a new womb around the 6th month of human pregnancy, thus starting a new life with a new identity. The reason we don’t remember any of this is because of our partial state of awareness – just as we don’t recollect a dream later on, however vivid it may have been when we were having it.
Why we are different.
All of us have various sets of assumptions, content and tendencies in the activities in the conscious self. The reason this is so is due to a) varying environments, b) differing past ‘latent impressions’ and hence c) varying efforts at understanding/cognition. This makes up our persona and our intellectual & behavioral abilities. Our bodies are also similarly constructed but different. This is why we have differing physical abilities be it as strength or in sports.
Happiness & Sadness
We are ‘happy’ when there is a synergy or harmony in us & ‘unhappy’ when we have conflict or strife. The source of our pleasure or pain could be external sensory stimuli via sound, light, touch, smell & sight that take place in our material bodies. The source of happiness or unhappiness is harmonious or conflicting visioning, thoughts, emotions and expectations in our conscious selves or jeevan.
Purpose of Human life
Our purpose of life is to have knowledge of existence, self and humane conduct and live accordingly- expressing this understanding in relationship with human beings as mutually fulfilling behavior and with the rest of nature, maintaining its inherent balance. Having this ‘knowledge’, we become free of illusion & our mental and behavioral imperfections, and have ‘resolution’. We live with answers to the why? and how? of everything. Having and living in this state of ‘resolution’ or samadhan itself is happiness & peace. Knowledge & happiness is the fundamental human need.
The problem today
Most of us have assumed we are only the body, and the world is only material. Some of us assume the world is only conscious and the material world is ephemeral. Both these viewpoints are due to usage of only partial cognitive faculties in our conscious selves. Hence we have many animal-like tendencies focused on food, sleep, fear & coitus, which are attained by means of wretchedness, cunningness and cruelty. This consequently results in profit mania, sex mania and consumption mania which we are witness to on an increasing scale today. There is a wide variety of human beings we encounter based on these combinations. Because we don’t understand ourselves, we don’t understand other people, and hence have problems in relationship. We thus end up wounding and exploiting humans and nature. While we behave in this manner, it is not acceptable to us. All this is due to living in ‘animal-consciousness’. We yearn for something humane, and that is ‘human-consciousness’.
The solution – how every person can be humane.
By using all faculties in our conscious selves or jeevan, we have complete understanding about ourselves and the world and live with humane values such as steadfastness, courage, generosity, compassion, & benevolence. This is possible via having knowledge, via humanization of education for every human being. We can all living fulfilling personal, familial, social and ecological lives. This is because Existence is Coexistence. And this is the ultimate Truth.
How we can live
Each human can live with intellectual resolution (understanding) & material prosperity (boudhik samadhan, bhoutik samriddhi). We can live fulfilling family and social lives. Relationships such as father & son, husband & wife, brother-sister & friend, colleague and teacher can be understood while values or feelings such as trust, respect, affection, care, gratitude & love can be expressed and fulfilled. Human relationships are thus not a ‘mystery’. We can work towards a humane society in way that sustains and enriches nature, of which we are a part.
Universal Human religion (dharma) is One = resolution = happiness = based on understanding or knowledge in the conscious self and Human Race is One – based on similar anatomy of the body. This becomes the basis for an undivided human society.
Addressing our current issues & notions
Metaphysics, Physics & Neuroscience
This understanding proposes answers to issues such as: the mind – body problem, nature of consciousness, its origins,. various planes of cognition, awakening and methods for the same, fundamental source of energy and consciousness in the universe, the relationship between matter, space & time, the issue of the ‘observer’ or ‘knower’, and the relationship between consciousness & the brain.
Philosophy, Spirituality & past darsanas
Due to this understanding of reality as it is, it becomes possible to resolve or precisely understand the following:
- Provides a new resolution to key concepts in Eastern/Indian traditions of enquiry such as: brahm-maya-avidya. cit, acit, chaitanya, chetna ,brahman & isvara. Demystifies terms such as bhakti, yoga and jnana. Precisely defines gyana, viveka, vigyana, anubhava and vairagya & jivana-mukta, mukti & moksha. Sukha, dukha and kaivalya.
- Philosophically it addresses the issues of: free will, imagination, ego, sub-conscious, human purpose, god, creator, sustain-er, etc.
- Madhyasth Darshan does not draw from any past source for these explanations, rather re-defines the meaning and import of these words – based on direct realization.
Psychology, Sociology & Human behavior
Because we can understand the human conscious precisely, it becomes possible to trace & explain every known human behavior & tendency to an activity in the conscious self, jeevan. We can thus explain why humans have behaved in the ways in which we have, and why we currently have varied levels of cognition or awareness and varying behavior and different concepts of right & wrong. The waking, dreaming and deep sleep states can be understood, as well as an awakened state of living in ‘human-consciousness’. Hence, we can understand the reasons for our personal, inter-personal (relationship), social-economic & ecological problems. We can also have a concrete plan or way to resolve them.
Madhyasth Darshan thus has answers for, resolves the following ‘dimensions’ in every individual:
- Understanding-Experiencing reality, (अनुभव)
- Thought, (विचार)
- Behavior (व्यवहार)
- Work. (कार्य)
across the 4 ‘levels of living’:
- as individuals [व्यक्ति]
- in family [परिवार]
- in society, nation, inter-nation [समाज]
- in nature [प्रकृति]
This proposal is not tied to any existing or past belief or tradition. It is based on a direct cognition of Reality. The entire work has been written ‘ground-up’ with a new set of definitions for the words used – it does not refer to any other texts.
The aims, content, process and outcomes (lifestyle) proposed by Madhyasth Darshan are different from that in Materialism (Science) & Spiritualism/Theism – it is hence presented as an Alternative. (भौतिकवाद और आध्यात्मवाद का विकल्प)
The activities in the conscious self, jeevan have been described in a great degree of detail. The difference between the apparent ’cause & effect’ world we can see, perceive & experiment with in physical science, and the form-less dimensions of reality that explain ‘ultimate-cause’ have also been clearly explained. This proposes ‘alternative’ thesis for Sociology, Economics, Psychology, Materialism, Spiritualism and knowledge systems (darsana) .
This philosophy is logically consistent and enables us to deal practically with the phenomena in nature, and verify it via direct experience and as proof in living – it is thus free of mysticism. This understanding & model of living is now available for study & practice. A diverse set of people are now seriously evaluating this proposal. Efforts to bring this into education are underway in India. You will find details on this website.
This is a call to the peoples & Universities on this planet to consider this proposal with their own good reason. This proposal is in the capacity of a human: from one human to the other.
This is a proposal for Universal Good.
You can read a first person account on how this discovery came about and its salient points by Shri A Nagraj here
[Read next] Get started with the basics (by students)
‘sadhana’ – taming the mind, intense mental practice.
‘samadhi’ – penultimate state of meditation according to Indian thought in which the ‘unknown’ is said to become ‘known’.
‘sanyam’ – a state of knowing beyond samadhi. Read note ‘The Alternative or Vikalp’ for his testimony