Knowledge of Existence

This section contains the basic postulations on various dimensions of Reality. Postulations are statements about Truth. These are in the form of aphorisms (सूत्रात्मक)- such that maximum knowledge is encapsulated in minimal words.

Knowledge is the anchor for the human being, his innate, inalienable need. This knowledge is:

  • Knowledge of realistic-view of Existence: [अस्तित्व दर्शन ज्ञान]
    • Existence is Coexistence, as nature saturated in all-pervasive ‘space/energy’. Nature = collection of active units = physiochemical and conscious units.
  • Knowledge of Conscious Self (Jeevan):[जीवन ज्ञान]
    •  10 activities in the Self (Conscious) and the 5 Potentials and 5 Forces.
  • Knowledge of perfect-Humane Conduct: (मानवीयता पूर्ण आचरण ज्ञान)
    • Living in human-human relationships and human-nature relationships. – values, character, ethics



Wisdom based on this knowledge: (vivek)

  • Knowledge of Immortality of Jeevan (Conscious Self) & Mortality of Body
  • Knowledge of ‘laws of living’: intellectual, social & natural laws. (boudhik niyam, samajik niyam, prakritik niyam)
  • Identify the human-goal, the human target


Science based on this wisdom: (vigyaan)

  • Knowledge of activity, time & decision making.
  • Sets the direction for Human-Goals identified in Wisdom.

Knowledge of Existence: (अस्तित्व दर्शन ज्ञान)

Existence is in the form of co-existence, as “nature saturated in all-pervasive-entity or space”.

There are only two kinds of realities in Existence:

  • Units, or Nature (Matter, Mass, Substance, Material) – that are ‘active’
  • All-pervasive space (Omnipresence) –   is ‘inactive’


Units or matter are

saturated (samprikt) in the all-pervasive-entity  (vyaapak vastu), currently called space.

To be “saturated” means to be: (संपृक्त)

  • Soaked (bheega)             : By which every unit is energized – oorjit, (ऊर्जित)
  • Encircled (ghira)          : By which every unit is restrained – niyantrit,  (नियंत्रित)
  • Submerged (dooba)     : By which every unit is active –  kriyasheel,  (क्रियाशील)


 ‘Space’ is:

  • All-pervasive – vyaapak [व्यापक]: (there is no ‘place’ where space is not. Every ‘place’ itself is ‘space’)
  • Transparent  – paardarshee [पारदर्शी]: (Reflecting, every unit is able to recognize the other unit by being in it)
  • Permeating – paargaami[पारगामी]: (Space exists ‘where’ there is a unit, units are soaked in space)
  • Omnipotence : satta [सत्ता]: (Energy in equilibrium: that neither increases, nor decreases)
  • Has no activity:kriyashunya [क्रियाशून्य]: (Inactive, not a ‘unit’, unchanging)

What we call as ‘empty space’ is not ‘empty’; it is equilibrium energy itself and the fundamental source for all activity (at the atomic level) in the entire universe, in existence.

Space manifests as ‘energy’ in physiochemical matter (jad) and as ‘knowledge (gyaan) or consciousness (chetana) in the conscious unit (chaitanya) (Self or Jeevan).


‘Units’ (ikai) are of two kinds:

(Units = Nature, Matter, Mass, Substance, Material)

  • Physiochemical (insentient) (jad)
  • Conscious (sentient) (chaitanya)

These units, or ‘Nature’ is manifested as the 4 “natural-orders”:

  • Knowledge Order (human beings)        [ज्ञान अवस्था]
  • Animal Order                                              [जीव अवस्था]
  • Bio (pranic) Order                                    [प्राण अवस्था]
  • Material Order.                                          [पदार्थ अवस्था]


Each unit in Existence, i.e. each of the four ‘natural-orders’ has the following dimensions:

  • Form/appearance  [Shape, Surface Area, Volume] – [रूप]
  • Properties [Positive, Negative, Mediating properties; relative cause and effect] -[गुण]
  • Innate-nature [Purpose or participation or value or essence] – [स्वभाव]
  • Religion [Inseparability or Innateness] – [धर्म]


Every ‘unit’ (from an atom to the larger formations of matter) in existence has these four dimensions. Of these four dimensions, ‘form/appearance’ and ‘properties’ are ‘form-full’ in that they have length, breadth & height while innate-nature & religion are form-less (no length, breadth, height). Understanding both the form-full and form-less dimensions is needed to understand these 4 ‘natural-orders’ completely, to understand reality.

This enables us to understand their ‘innate-nature’ as their ‘purpose’ in existence, their participation or their value; and their religion, as their very ‘being-ness’ or ‘intrinsic-ness’, or their ‘orderliness within’.


To date, humankind has largely concerned itself with the study of only the ‘form-full dimensions’ of reality (form/appearance and properties) ignoring the following dimensions of reality, which still remain to be understood:

1) All-pervasive-entity (omnipresence) or space, and its attributes of  

  • Omnipotence, permeating, & Transparence:(व्यापक वस्तु, शून्यअवकाश, सत्ता, पारगामी, पारदर्शी)

2) Conscious unit or matter that has consciousness: (चैतन्य इकाई, चेतना का रूप, गुण, स्वभाव, धर्म):

  • and all its dimensions: its form/appearance, properties, innate-nature and religion

3) The 3 formless aspects of physiochemical units/matter: (जड़ इकाई))

  • Mediating Properties, innate-nature & religion (मध्यस्थ गुण, स्वभाव और धर्म)

4) Relationship between the above:

  • conscious matter, physiochemical matter and all-expansive omnipotence (space): चैतन्य इकाई, जड़ इकाई, व्यापक सत्ता में संबंध


The problems we have today are a result of not having the above knowledge. The reason we do not have this knowledge is because we have not yet ‘used’ certain faculties of knowing present in ourselves (Self or jeevan).

Madhyasth Darshan – Coexistentialism (Jeevan Vidya) has proposals for the above, in the form of words that point to these realities. On Studying these realities with the aid of words, and using the ‘faculty’ of imagination present in us under the guidance of someone who has this knowledge, we are able to have ‘understanding’ of these realities in our own right.


The atom is the basic unit that is in organization or orderliness in Existence

(* Existence = all that exists).  The smallest unit to count as ‘1’ is the atom – this is the ‘stable point’ for counting, below which we do not find any definiteness. The natural state of being of ‘matter’ is in the form of an atom. This atom is natural to existence. The human being does not ‘organize’ the atom, or ‘regulate’ them; nor are we ‘supplying’ energy to atoms for them to be continuously active; and neither have we created the various types of atoms.

We can only study and comprehend stable states – and our study has to include the ‘whole’ [units and space] and ‘the observer’ [the conscious entity that is understanding].


There is no centralization in Existence. There is no ‘creator, sustainer, controller and destroyer’. There is decentralized self-regulation in Existence.

The atom is thus the fundamental basis for orderliness in existence, and its continuity. This ‘orderliness’ is seen across all 4 ‘natural-orders’, and except in the human, on this planet.

Units in Existence are self-organized, or in ‘orderliness within’ and participate in the larger orderliness. No one is ‘organizing’ this from the outside. This is their natural state of being.

* Innate Nature & Religion

Innate-Nature: (Swabhav)

  • Innate-nature of the material-order is ‘composition-decomposition’
  • Innate-nature of the bio-order is ‘enhance-worsen’
  • Innate-nature of the animal-order is cruel—non-cruel
  • Innate-nature of humans living in ‘animal-consciousness’ is: wretchedness, cunningness & cruelness
  • Innate-nature of humans living in ‘human-consciousness’ (true-human nature)  is: steadfastness, courage & generosity, and kindness, graciousness & compassion


Religion: (Dharma)

  • religion of the material-order is: to exist, indestructibly
  • religion of the bio-order (plants, praanic) is: ‘growth’
  • religion of the animal-order is: the ’ will to live’
  • religion of the human-order is: live with happiness, resolution

 #origin of the word ‘religion’: based on Latin religare ‘to bind’ 

Man living in animal-consciousness uses only partial activities in the Self or conscious unit (jeevan), and as a result lives with animal-like attributes. He lives only with Assuming (& expectation of Knowing) & ‘innate-nature’ as wretchedness, cunningness, cruelty: which is unnatural to him, and is not acceptable to him, or to others (when expressed). He has an expectation for resolution & happiness (his religion) but is unable to have/ensure continuity of the same.

Man living in this state, makes some assumptions regarding his ‘innate-nature’ & religion that do not have universality and thus cause differences in human-society. This is why this plane of living is called ‘animal-consciousness’ since even though man has progressed from where animals are, he has still not known his innate-nature & religion, still not accessed the will to ‘know’ and hence, assumes struggle for survival as the goal (akin to animals) and an innate-nature that is akin to animals.

The proof of this is the definition of the Human as a ‘social-animal’.


Man living in human-consciousness lives with all 10 activities in the Self or conscious unit (jeevan), and as a result lives with the humane-attributes. He lives with Knowledge (& Assuming, Recognition and Fulfillment on this basis) & his ‘innate-nature’ is steadfastness, courage & generosity: which is natural to him, and acceptable to him, and to others (when expressed).


I.e. the rest of the 3 ‘natural-orders’ are living according to their innate-nature & religion. Only man needs to do so. He is able to do so by having ‘knowledge’. Man has thus been recognized as belonging to the ‘knowledge-order’. Knowledge is his fundamental need. Thus, on the basis of living with human-consciousness, it becomes clear that:

  • Human Nature is the SAME for all humans (on the basis of their ‘innate-nature’),
  • Human Race is ONE (based on similar construction of the Body) &
  • Human Religion is ONE (based on happiness, resolution, understanding) 

[innate-nature = purpose, value]  [religion =  inseparability: that which cannot be separated from a unit is its religion, same as dharma

Thus, the fundamental need for the human is to SHIFT from living in animal-consciousness to living in human-consicousness, which is only possible via Knowledge via the method of consciousness-development.


Click here to read important words and definitions used in this Section:

Important Definitions of words used in Knowledge of darshan of Existence. 

सत्ता Omnipotence (satta) The eternal grandeur present in all places where nature is, and where nature is not.  Space is permeable in conscious and physiochemical nature and is transparent in their mutualities.That which is not an activity itself, but in which all activities are included (activities are present in space. They are soaked,  submerged & encircled in space)# Translators notes: what we consider to be ‘empty space’ or void is actually an all-pervasive-entity, a reality. It is Omnipotence = energy in equilibrium. This is cognizable via the activity of ‘realization’ in the Self, or conscious unit.Origin of the word entity:late 15th century (denoting a thing’s existence): from French entité or medieval Latin entitas, from late Latin ensent-‘being’ (from esse ‘be’)
स्तु pervasive-entity (Omnipresence) (vyapak)
शून्य Space , Void(shunya)
चेतना Consciousness  (chetana) Cognition, accomplished with knowledge, wisdom & scienceKnowledge, equilibrium energy, space, absolute-force


Form/appearance (roop) Shape, surface area and volume
गुण Properties (guna) Relative powers are known as properties (guna). Properties (gunas) are recognized in the form of positive, negative, and madhyasth (mediating), which itself is effect# synonyms: quality, especially when we consider ‘properties’ of a human being.
स्वभाव Innate-nature (swabhav) Purpose, participation, valueThe utility of properties itself is innate-nature#synonyms: essence, true-nature, characteristic, fundamental attribute  
धर्म Religion (dharm) Inseparability  itself is dharma. That which cannot be separated from a unit is its dharma or religion.#Translator notes: inseparability, innateness# origin of the word ‘religion’: based on Latin religare ‘to bind’   


अस्तित्व Existence (astitv) Physiochemical and conscious nature saturated in all-pervasive-entity, in Omnipotence (space).
सहअस्तित्व Coexistence (sah-astitv) (Definition in the context of existential-purpose of humankind):Relationships without exploitation, hoarding and hatred, and fulfillment of relationships and associations with behavior of generosity, affection, and serving alone is co-existence.(Basic Definition):  nature saturated in the all-pervasive-entity, Omnipotence, space.
संपृक्त Saturated (samprikt) Status of nature (physical, chemical, and conscious) soaked, submerged and enveloped in Omnipresence, Omnipotence, space.# Omnipresence: all-pervasive
प्रकृति Nature (prakriti) Form-full existence; i.e. Infinite units of material-order, bio-order, animal-order and knowledge-order (humans)Infinite agglomeration of physiochemical and conscious unitsContinuously-activeInseparable presence of form/appearance, properties, innate-nature & religion (dharma)



मानव Human-being * One who materializes his ideas, has expectation for healthiness of mind and realizes the same is known as human-being.
जीव चेतना Animal-consciousness(animal chetana) Human being living in delusion# Translators notes: lack of knowledge, un-awakened
मानव चेतना Human Consciousness(human chetana) Awakened human being, free of illusion, living with knowledge and progeny-motive, prosperity-motive and fame-motive.
जड़ Physiochemical * (jad) The unit without any thinking-aspect, whose span of function is limited to its length, width, and height.# ‘inert’ in the sense it is not conscious
चैतन्य(जीवन) Conscious *(chaitanya)(jeevan) The unit whose span of function is more than its length, width, and height and has an active thinking-aspect called conscious (unit). 
कल्पनाशीलता Imagination Expression of 4.5 activities of imaging, analysis, weighing, tasting and selecting in conscious unit (jeevan)
कर्मस्वतंत्रता Freedom to act Evidence of freedom of action according to imagination in every human
भ्रम Delusion Flaw in cognition: assuming something to be more, less or other than what it is.# Translator notes: error in cognition, incomplete cognition 




  • shriram narasimhan | student | jan 2012
Madhyasth Darshan